Many people keep a question mark face when we ask what are bladder lesions. Bladder lesions are nothing but bladder tumors. Now do you get the point. Most bladder lesions are tumors of the bladder. These tumors can be either benign or malignant. Benign bladder lesions or tumors arise from the cells called transitional cells within the bladder’s lining. Even the malignant bladder lesions also arise from the same cells.
But the names which are given to the benign and malignant lesions are different. Benign ones are called transitional cell papilloma and malignant ones are called transitional cell carcinoma. Both benign and malignant bladder lesions cause many symptoms.
Due to these bladder lesions, the tissue of the bladder gets eroded and we can see blood in the urine. This presence of blood in the urine is called hematuria. The lesion can also cause obstruction to the bladder. Due to this the urine cannot be passed out by you. Urine will get accumulate in your bladder and lead to urinary retention or bladder distension.
This bladder distension can lead to many more problems. This can lead you to get many urinary infections. This can also lead to the rupture of the bladder if the distension becomes very severe. This rupture can lead to peritonitis, shock, etc which can also lead to the death of the person.
The urine which is accumulated in the bladder can lead to the reflux of urine into the ureters. This urine can even enter the kidneys and lead to the damage of the kidneys. Sometimes due to this obstruction caused by bladder lesions , you will face so much problem to urinate. So will feel that your bladder is full always. You will be able to pass only little amounts of urine every time you attempt to do so.
You may suffer from nocturia or passage of urine at night without control. You may also suffer from bladder leakage problems. The urinary infections that are caused due to the bladder lesions can lead to the formation of stones in the bladder or even fistula formation between the bladder and the intestines. Fistula is a connection between 2 organs.
If you have malignant bladder lesions then you need surgical resection of the tumor along with some other therapies like radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In radiotherapy, some radiations are passed over your body that can kill the cancer cells. In chemotherapy, you will be given strong medicines that can kill the cancerous cells. For benign bladder lesions or tumors, just surgical resection will be sufficient.
The surgery which is performed for the removal of the bladder lesions is TURBT or transurethral resection of bladder tumors. If you experience any urination problems, you need to visit your doctor immediately. Many of us neglect such problems thinking that its a simple problem. But such simple problems of urination can be a indicator for major problems inside your body like bladder lesions or tumors. So by now you could have understood completely about what are bladder lesions.
Other interesting topics: